State of Renewable Energy in India – 2017

If we were to list the most pressing issues that a country’s administration has to deal with, then Energy Security and Water Security would be at the top of that list with Food Security and Defense coming as a close second.

Following the two oil crises of 1973 and 1979, the Indian Government decided to give new and renewable energy some serious thought. However, the sector showed a flurry of activity only around the mid 2000s with Wind Energy Leading the way.

Before we move to the current state of Renewable Energy in India, it is important to note that at the end of 2006 India had installed capacity of Renewable Energy totaling to a measly 10 GW.

While, it is important to compare India’s renewable energy progress with the world, an important factor to take into consideration would be world with and without China.

Technology World Total (GW) India (GW) India’s share in world capacity
Wind Power 74 6.3  8.51%
Biomass Power 45 1.5 3.33%
Geothermal Power 9.5 0 NA
Solar Photovoltaic Grid 5.1 0 NA
Solar Thermal Power CSP .4 0 0
Ocean Tidal Power .3 0 0
Total* 134.3 7.8 5.8%

India’s Installed Renewable Energy Capacity Vs The World (Including China’s Share) 2006 (TAB 1.1)
* Does not include Small Hydro

Technology World Total (GW) India (GW) India’s share in world capacity
Wind Power 487 29  5.95%
Biomass Power 112 8.3 7.41 %
Geothermal Power 13.5 0 NA
Solar Photovoltaic Grid 303 9.1 .27%
Solar Thermal Power CSP 4.8 .2 4.17%
Ocean Tidal Power .536 0 NA
Total* 921 46 4.9%

India’s Installed Renewable Energy Capacity Vs The World (Including China’s Share) 2016 (TAB 1.2)

Technology World Total (GW) India (GW) India’s share in world capacity
Wind Power 71.6 6.3  8.8 %
Biomass Power 43 1.5 3.49 %
Geothermal Power 9.5 0 NA
Solar Photovoltaic Grid 5.1 0 NA
Solar Thermal Power CSP .4 0 0
Ocean Tidal Power .3 0 0
Total 129.9 7.8 6 %

India’s Installed Renewable Energy Capacity Vs The World (Excluding China’s Share) 2006 (TAB 1.3)

Technology World Total (GW) India (GW) India’s share in world capacity
Wind Power 318 29  5.95%
Biomass Power 100 8.3 7.41 %
Geothermal Power 13.5 0 NA
Solar Photovoltaic Grid 226 9.1 .27%
Solar Thermal Power CSP 4.8 .2 4.17%
Ocean Tidal Power .536 0 NA
Total 662.8 46 6.9%

India’s Installed Renewable Energy Capacity Vs The World (Excluding China’s Share) 2016 (TAB 1.4)

Since 2006, India has come a long way to reach a total installed capacity of 60.15 GW in Dec, 2017.

What needs to be noted here is that China’s renewable energy capacity has grown exponentially in the last decade. China’s haste to add renewable energy to its energy mix has been a result of the following three reasons:-

  1. Massive air pollution problems faced by its urban cities
  2. Establish energy security in China
  3. To dominate the renewable energy manufacturing and power generation Industry.

India, when compared to the world excluding China, has increased her share from 6% to 6.9%. However, once we include China in the mix, India has shrunk from 5.8% to 4.9% over 10 years.  While, India has done well but when we put into context India’s solar energy potential, we should rather say we have done okay.

Program/Scheme wise Physical Progress in 2017-18 & Cumulative up to the month of October 2017

While, it is great to understand how India did in comparison to the world, it is extremely important to understand how various regions in India are doing in context of renewable energy.

In 2015, The current Indian Government raised the renewable energy capacity target from 100 GW to an ambitious 175 GW by 2022.

We now take a look at where India Stands now. As of 31st October 2017, India stands at 62.5 GW. In the adjoining chart, there is a breakup of installed capacity as per different technologies. It also mentions how much capacity was added through the year. Clearly, the most activity has been witnessed in the Solar Sector followed by Wind Sector. In our upcoming posts, we will discuss in detail which sectors are on an upward curve.

 TAB 1.5
Ministry of New & Renewable Energy
Programme/ Scheme wise Physical Progress in 2017-18 & cumulative upto the month of October, 2017
Sector FY- 2017-18 Cumulative Achievements
Target Achievement (April – October, 2017) (as on 31.10.2017)
I.   GRID-INTERACTIVE POWER (CAPACITIES IN MW)
Wind Power 4000.00 435.61 32715.37
Solar Power – Ground Mounted 9000.00 3118.44 14751.07
Solar Power – Roof Top 1000.00 167.64 823.64
Small Hydro Power 200.00 19.30 4399.35
BioPower (Biomass & Gasification and Bagasse Cogeneration) # 340.00 0.00 8181.70
Waste to Power 10.00 0.00 114.08
Total 14550.00 3740.99 60985.21
II.  OFF-GRID/ CAPTIVE POWER (CAPACITIES IN MWEQ)
Waste to Energy 15.00 4.37 175.45
Biomass(non-bagasse) Cogeneration 60.00 9.50 661.41
Biomass Gasifiers 7.50 0.92 163.37
Aero-Genrators/Hybrid systems .50 0.14 3.29
SPV Systems 100.00 76.56 539.13
Total 183.00 91.49 1542.65

It is also worth looking at the installed capacities of various states in India.

State RES FOR 2017 DEC
TN 10686.88
Karnataka 7773.47
Maharashtra 7709.33
Gujarat 6877.53
Rajasthan 6628.61
Andhra Pradesh 6543.97
MP 3800.13
UP 2470.18
Telangana 2393.36
Punjab 1205.92
Himachal Pradesh 836.44
UK 526.68
WB 431.98
Chattisgarh 427.02
Haryana 366.09
Kerala 330.59
Bihar 324.28
Odisha 194.52
J & K 158.85
Arunachal Pradesh 108.99
Delhi 70.66
Sikkim 52.12
Assam 45.22
Mizoram 41.67
Meghalaya 31.09
Nagaland 30.67
Jharkhand 24.42
Tripura 21.01
Chandigarh 15.72
Andaman & Nicobar 11.35
Daman & Diu 10.31
Manipur 6.76
Lakshwadeep 0.75
Goa 0.56
Dadar & Nagar Haveli 0.48
Puducherry 0.05
NLC 0.00
DVC 0.00

If you compare the top 6 states with the highest installed capacities with the rest of the states, you will notice that there is a considerable difference in the numbers of the Top 6 against the rest of India. So, what is it that makes these states tick? These 6 states have in common state renewable energy policies that create a favorable environment for Investors, Developers and Consumers.

We will discuss these State Renewable Energy Policies in detail in the coming posts.

Which States are Making Big Strides in Renewable Energy?

State Installed Capacity added between April 2017 and Oct 2017 Percentage of Current Capacity Added during 2017
Tamil Nadu 61.88 0.58%
Karnataka 315.50 4.23%
Maharashtra 61.73 0.81%
Gujarat 205.64 3.08%
Rajasthan 390.81 6.27%
AP 379.15 6.15%
MP 262.24 7.41%
UP 170.35 7.41%
Telangana 847.48 54.82%
Punjab 52.82 4.58%
HP 3.90 0.47%
Uttarakhand 10.87 2.11%
West Bengal 7.34 1.73%
Chattisgarh -5.84 -1.35%
Haryana 114.79 45.68%
Kerala -8.13 -2.40%
Bihar 32.06 10.97%
Odisha 0.07 0.04%
J&K -0.54 -0.34%
Arunachal 4.12 3.93%
Delhi 14.39 25.57%
Sikkim 0.01 0.02%
Assam -0.67 -1.46%
Mizoram 0.10 0.24%
Meghalaya 0.05 0.16%
Nagaland -0.50 -1.60%
Jharkhand -2.90 -10.61%
Tripura -0.09 -0.43%
Chandigarh -1.60 -9.24%
Andaman & Nicobar -0.46 -3.90%
Daman & Diu -0.15 -1.43%
Manipur 1.28 23.36%
Lakshwadeep 0.04 5.63%
Goa -0.20 -26.32%
Dadar & Nagar Haveli -2.49 -83.84%
Puducherry -0.03 -37.50%
NLC 0.00 0.00%
DVC 0.00 0.00%

While, Renewable energy seems to have completely taken off in some states such as Telangana, it is worth noting that the negative numbers might refer to capacities retired. Additionally, it will be worth investigating why smaller states seem to be retiring their renewable capacities.

 

solar-panel-array-power-sun-electricity-159397.jpeg

 

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